The Lenawee County Courthouse, photo submitted in 1991.
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Lenawee County Courthouse
301 North Main Street, Adrian - Lenawee County
Property Type courthouse
Historic Use GOVERNMENT/courthouse
Current Use GOVERNMENT/courthouse
Style Romanesque
Architect/Builder Edward O. Fallis
Narrative Description The Lenawee County Courthouse was designed in 1884 by Edward O. Fallis of Toledo, Ohio, and is a Romanesque-inspired building constructed of red brick with stone coursing on a rusticated stone foundation. Its finest feature is the extraordinary display of iconographic and floral terra cotta. The massive building displays impressive gabled entrances on three sides and a decorative gable on the fourth. An impressive central tower topped by a rounded cupola crowns the hip-roof structure.
Statement of Significance The Lenawee County Courthouse stands as a testament to Lenawee County's enormous growth and prosperity in the sixty years since the county was established. Despite its numerous interior alterations, the courthouse remains one of the most impressive of Michigan's surviving late nineteenth-century courthouses. It is an important work in the career of its architect, E.O. Fallis of Toledo, Ohio, who designed eight massive courthouse buildings in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Kansas in the 1880s.
Marker Name County Courthouse
Marker Text COUNTY COURTHOUSE Lenawee County was first settled in 1824 at Tecumseh, which the Territorial Legislature subsequently made the county seat. Pioneers, mostly from upper New York State, then established Blissfield and Adrian, the latter called Logan. The largest Indian tribe in the area was the Potawatomi. In 1838 the first state legislature moved the Lenawee seat of justice from Tecumseh to Adrian. The first courthouse in Adrian was built in 1837 but burned in 1852. Immediately purchasing this site, formerly the western terminus of the Erie and Kalamazoo Railroad, the county erected a temporary courthouse. The present Romanesque-style edifice was completed in 1885 and features round-arched entrances and an ornate tower. Its exterior is also adorned with classic reliefs and terra-cotta trim. Since 1885 this impressive structure has been the seat of Lenawee County government.
Period of Significance 1866-1900
Significant Date(s) 1884-85
Registry Type(s) 02/02/1981 Marker erected
02/28/1991 National Register listed
11/14/1974 State Register listed
Site ID# P23895