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Gwinn Model Town Historic District
, Gwinn - Marquette County
Historic Use COMMERCE/TRADE/financial institution
COMMERCE/TRADE/specialty store
DOMESTIC/multiple dwelling
DOMESTIC/single dwelling
RELIGION/religious facility
Current Use COMMERCE/TRADE/financial institution
DOMESTIC/single dwelling
Style Bungalow/Craftsman
Architect/Builder Warren H. Manning
Significant Person William G. Mather
Narrative Description Gwinn is a company-inspired community that was developed in the Swanzy Iron District of Michigan in the early decades of the twentieth century. The community was planned by Warren H. Manning for the Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company (CCI) in 1906. The streets were laid out and the first houses built in 1907, but by the first years of the Great Depression, direct company involvement in the operation of the community ceased. The company began divesting its real estate in Gwinn, selling the last of its housing stock in 1946. The period of significance, from 1907 to 1946 reflects the years of CCI activity in Gwinn.
Statement of Significance The model town of Gwinn, Michigan, is nominated to the National Register of Historic Places for its national significance in Community Planning and Development (Criterion C); for its ties to the community's sponsor, William Gwinn Mather, who played a national role in Industry, especially the management of labor processes while serving as president of Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company (Criterioin B); and also for its significance as a work of Landscape Architecture designed by a distinguished practioner, Warren H. Manning (Criterion B). The period of significance is the period from 1907-1946, reflecting the beginning of construction of the town and the end of mining in the Gwinn District. The last date also reflects CCI's sale of the housing stock it had provided to company workers. The boundries of the district encompass the portion of the plan designed by Warren H. Manning that was platted during this period (the remainder was never platted). The entire plat retains the integrity of the original Manning Plan.
Period of Significance 20th century
Significant Date(s) 1907,1933, 1946
Registry Type(s) National Register listed
Site ID# P47627