Lilley Road Bridge
Lilley Road over Lower Rouge River, Canton - Wayne County
Property Type bridge
Historic Use TRANSPORTATION/road-related (vehicular)
Current Use TRANSPORTATION/road-related (vehicular)
Architect/Builder Massillon Bridge Company
Michigan State Highway Department
Narrative Description main span number: 1 main span length: 84.0 structure length: 90.0 roadway width: 44.0 structure width: 27.0 Lilley Road, which runs north-south, passes over the Lower Rouge River just north of Michigan Avenue (US-12). The road is in western Wayne COunty, about midway between Detroit and Ann Arbor. Once rural, the area is now experiencing residential and other development, probably stimulated by Interstate 96 not far to the east. Lilley Road Bridge is a camelback pony truss comprised of the following elements: upper chord: back-to-back channels tied by X-lacing (top and bottom); lower chord: Channels with battens; verticals: built-up I beam; diagonals: paired angles with V-lacing; railings: bars rivited to angles; bottom lateral: paired angles; new I-beam stringers; built-up I-beam floor beams riveted to superstructure; steel maker's mark: Carnegie USA. Sidewalks rest on metal brackets outside of the trusses.
Statement of Significance Under the provisions of the McNitt Act, Wayne County took over responsibility from Canton Township of two narrow, delapitated, steel bridges along Lilley Road in 1933. One bridge crossed the main channel of the Lower Rouge River; the other spanned an overflow channel about 400 feet away. The county road commission immediately embarked on a project to improve the crossing, first significantly changing the channel to require only one structure. They then installed a skewed truss, which had just been removed from the Telegraph Road crossing of a branch of the Rouge River, north of Warren Road. The truss was no longer suitable for Telegraph Road, which was being widened. It was originally fabricated and erected in 1923-1924 by the Massilon Bridge Company of Massillon, Ohio. County crews did related site work on Telegraph Road, resulting in a total expense of $20,885 on the project during that fiscal year. In the same period, the county erected "practically a duplicate" pony truss on Telegraph Road over the Rouge River, about three miles to the south. The latter bridge is pictured in the road commission's 1923-1924 annual report. THe superstructure, which appears essentially identical to the Lilley Road Bridge, has a canilevered sidewalk and railings; concrete balustrades with urn-shaped spindles edge the approaches. When the Lilley Road Bridge was surveyed in 1995, a contractor had sandblasted and primed the superstructure, and was in the process of repainting it. When the Telegraph Road Bridge was moved to Lilley Road in 1933, its historical integrity was maintained. As well-documented example of a 1920s pony truss, this bridge is eligible for the National Register under Criterion C.
Period of Significance 1923-1947
Significant Date(s) 1923
Registry Type(s) 02/10/2000 National Register listed
Site ID# P25608