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Tahquamenon River Bridge
Highway M-28 over Tahquamenon River, Chippewa Township - Chippewa County
Other Names M-28 Bridge East branch Tahquamenon River
Property Type bridge
Historic Use TRANSPORTATION/road-related (vehicular)
Current Use TRANSPORTATION/road-related (vehicular)
Style Other
Architect/Builder State Highway Department
Walter Toebe and Company
Narrative Description main span number: 1 main span length: 55.0 structure length: 55.0 roadway width: 30.0 structure width: 35.0 Located on M-28, about a mile southeast of the village of Strongs, this single-span concrete/steel bridge crosses the East Branch of the Tahquamenon River. The structure is configured as a 55-foot steel deck girder bridge, with nine lines of built-up I-beams encased in concrete. These are braced laterally by concrete diaphragms and supported simply by massive concrete abutments with straight wingwalls. The girders carry a concrete deck, which has been surfaced with asphalt. This deck is bounded on both sides by SHD standard concrete guardrails with classical fluted balusters and paneled bulkheads. Other than the installation of Armco beams inside the original guardrails, the Tahquamenon River Bridge remains essentially unaltered and in excellent condition.
Statement of Significance "Trunk Line 25 (M-28) which extends west from Sault Ste. Marie to an intersection with Trunk Line 15 south of Marquette, has been improved by construction of several miles of gravel road through Schoolcraft, Luce and Chippewa Counties," The SHD reported in 1926. "The completion of the work on Trunk Line 25 furnishes a northerly route for east and west traffic across the Upper Peninsula." Part of the improvement to the road was the construction of a new bridge over the Tahquamenon River near Strongs. SHD engineers delineated the new structure in 1926. Funding the project with Federal Aid money, the agency solicited bids for the bridge's construction and awarded the contract to Walter Toebe and Company of Shingleton. Toebe built the bridge in 1926 for a total cost of $24,286.08. Since its completion, the Tahquamenon River Bridge has carried vehicular traffic, in relatively unaltered condition. The structural type that SHD delineated for this bridge was one that the agency had only recently begun using. The highway department had developed a standard design for a steel stringer bridge as early as the 1905-1906 biennium and for a steel plate girder two years later. Additionally, SHD had begun encasing the stringers partially in the concrete as part of the deck in the 1905-1906 biennium. But it was not until about 1926 that SHD engineers began encasing the webs of steel girders in concrete. The purpose for this is unclear. The concrete does not appear to add structural strength to the beams, and concrete diaphragms are still employed to brace them laterally. SHD illustrated the new configuration in its Twelfth Biennial Report with a photo of a bridge over the Maple River on US-27 (since demolished), describing it as "one of the latest types of encased girder design." SHD soon discontinued wrapping the interior girders in concrete, limiting the concrete to the exterior spandrel walls. The Tahquamenon River Bridge is one of only two such encased girders identified by survey sample. It is thus noteworthy as a formative exercise in what would evolve into a state standard design. Carrying a regionally important route over a major watercourse, it is both historically and technologically significant- an important transportation related resource.
Period of Significance 1926
Significant Date(s) 1926
Registry Type(s) 11/30/1999 National Register listed
Site ID# P22245