The Liberty Hyde Bailey Birthplace, photo submitted in 1983.
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Bailey, Liberty Hyde, Birthplace
903 Bailey Avenue, South Haven - Van Buren County
Other Names Liberty Hyde Bailey Museum
Liberty Hyde Bailey Birthplace
Bailey, Liberty Hyde, Museum
Property Type frame house
Historic Use DOMESTIC/single dwelling
Current Use RECREATION AND CULTURE/museum
Style Greek Revival
Architect/Builder Liberty Hyde Bailey
Significant Person Liberty Hyde Bailey
Narrative Description The Liberty Hyde Bailey Birthplace is a modest, one-and-one-half-story, clapboarded, Greek Revival farmhouse--built between 1853 and 1858--with a one-story rear ell added somewhat later. The house's front porch, a wooden, arcade-like structure, was added by December 1861. In the interior, the house is simply furnished with plain board trim and plaster walls and ceilings. The front section contains sitting and "birthing" rooms in the first floor and two bedrooms under the eaves. In the larger, rear ell are sitting and dining rooms, a kitchen, bedroom, and storage room on the first floor and a bedroom and small library in the attic. The house stands on a fieldstone foundation.
Statement of Significance The Liberty Hyde Bailey Birthplace is significant as the birthplace and home for the first nineteen years of his life of the prominent American horticulturist and botanist Liberty Hyde Bailey Jr. As educator, researcher, author, and world traveler, Bailey (1858-1954) was one of the leading authorities on botanical, horticultural, and agricultural subjects in the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Marker Name Liberty Hyde Bailey 1858-1954
Marker Text LIBERTY HYDE BAILEY 1858-1954 The world-famous botanist and horticulturist, Liberty Hyde Bailey, was born in this frame house. Here in wilderness surroundings he learned of wild animals and plants and attended the local village school. He graduated from Michigan Agricultural College in 1882, served on its faculty, and designed at that school the nation's first distinctively horticultural laboratory building. Bailey went on to be director of Cornell's College of Agriculture, retiring in 1913. Throughout his long life he made signal contributions to science.
Period of Significance 1826-1865
Significant Date(s) 1853, 1858
Registry Type(s) 03/12/1964 Marker erected
04/08/1983 National Register listed
01/18/1963 State Register listed
Site ID# P24873